Regulated Tariffs, Fixed or Variable Energy: French Energy Pricing options

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Energy pricing France

Energy pricing remains unclear for most consumers in France, even for those who were born here! What are regulated tariffs (tarifs réglementés)? Are they better than the competitive pricing offers? Here we explain your options for energy supply in France.


  • The Basics
  • There is no "best energy offer"; the answer depends on your consumption profile.
  • There are two types of energy offers: the regulated tariffs and the competitive pricing offers.
  • The regulated tariffs (tarifs réglementés) are not always the most competitive nor protective tariffs.
  • If you want to be sure to pay less than the regulated tariffs, choose an indexed price offer.
  • Opt for a fixed price plan if you want to stabilize your energy price

The French Energy Market

Historically in France one energy company was responsible for energy delivery and supply for 95% of France: EDF. Deregulation of energy markets in France in 2007 meant that this company was dismantled into two parts:

  1. EDF for electricity
  2. and GDF for gas (note that GDF is now known as "Engie")

While several new providers have entered the market, almost half of French energy consumers still do not know that they can switch providers and are not bound to the previous monopoly. This is why you may have heard from your French landlord to "call EDF-GDF", to activate your energy accounts, when in fact you can call any of the competitive suppliers to set up an electricity service in France.

French Energy rates: Regulated Tariffs vs Fixed or Variable pricing

Pricing options for energy in France fall into two categories:

  1. Regulated tariffs for electricity and gas: sold by the historical providers (EDF and Engie). Their prices are controlled by public authorities.
  2. Competitive pricing offers, which are offered by both the historic providers and by newer suppliers. By choosing one of these offers, you can save on your energy bill.
ERDF GRDF logos

Every provider uses the same distribution grid network managed by ENEDIS (ex-ERDF) for electricity and GRDF for gas. This means that every consumer benefits from the same delivery service and energy supply quality, regardless of the energy supplier.

Regulated Tariffs, Fixed or Variable electricity: Which Offer Should I Choose?

Engie
Engie Ajust
Total Direct Energie
Classic offer Electricity
EDF
Tarif bleu
Pros and Cons Fixed price offer Indexed price offer Regulated tariffs
Pros Price per kWh HTT fixed for 3 years and adjustable downwards
Green electricity
No commitment
5% discount on the pre-tax regulated kWh
Guaranteed to always be cheaper than the regulated tariffs, without any time limit
Elected "Best Customer Service" 8 years running
No commitment
Historical provider
No commitment
Cons The price can still fluctuate with taxes' evolutions The offer does not protect the consumer from increases - as it follows regulated tariffs, it will increase to reflect any regulated tariff rate increase Higher prices than competitive offers

Last update: June 2021

Learn more about price options for electricity in France.

Regulated Tariffs, Fixed or Variable gas rates: Which Offer Is better?

Total Direct Energie
Fixed Green offer
Total Direct Energie
Classic offer Gas
Engie ex GDF Suez
Tarifs réglementés
Pros and Cons Fixed price offer Indexed price offer Regulated tariffs
Pros Guaranteed Fixed Price
Fixed for 2 years
10% green gas (biogas)
No commitment
5% discount on the pre-tax regulated kWh
Guaranteed to always be cheaper than the regulated tariffs
Elected "Best Customer Service" 8 years running
No commitment
Historical provider
No commitment
Cons Prices can still fluctuate with taxes' evolutions The offer does not protect the consumer from increases: it is indexed on regulated tariffs and will evolve jointly Higher prices than competitive offers

Last update: June 2021

Learn more about price options for natural gas in France.

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